The Bank in Brief
ECO Trade and Development Bank in Brief
The Economic Cooperation Organization Trade and Development Bank is a Multilateral Development Bank (MDB)
established on August 3, 2005 by Iran, Pakistan and Türkiye, which are the founding members of the ECO.
The Headquarters Agreement of the Bank was ratified by the Republic of Türkiye in July 2007 completing
the formalities to establish the Bank.
Being an MDB, the Bank is not a profit maximizing organization but would rather focus on financing development
programmes and projects at reasonable costs with a favourable repayment conditions as pursued by other MDBs such
as World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Islamic Development Bank, European Investment Bank, Black Sea Trade and
Development Bank, etc.
Overall, the Bank would take lending decisions solely on the merits of projects, programmes, or other transactions
proposed and tailor borrowing in line with the best opportunities available in the capital markets. It would
specifically consider the relevancy and impact of its operations to the development objectives of the member countries.
The membership to the Bank is expected to increase soon by joining of other ECO member states as well as their Banks
and financial institutions. Recently, the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and Kyrgyz
Republic became members of the ECO Trade and Development Bank.
The Bank would contribute towards the medium and long-term financing needs of the region and thereby help to promote
sustainable development and regional integration in both the public and private sectors. It would also aim to become
an important institutional vehicle for mobilizing funds in international capital markets for the region’s development needs.